16th World Cardiology Congress
JZU UKC Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Title: Can we say renal failure is cardiovascular risk factor?
Biography: Daniela Lončar
Cardiovascular diseases are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients at the end stage of renal disease. Left ventricular hypertrophy, coronary heart disease and heart failure are the most prevalent cardiovascular diseases in dialysis patients. The patients on chronic dialysis have a 10 to 20-fold higher risk of development of cardiovascular disease than the general population. The aim of this study was to define the frequency of risk factors (traditional and non-traditional) for cardiovascular diseases in dialysis
patients. 50 patients were included: 22 men (44%) and 28 women (56%). 35 patients (70%) treated by hemodialysis, while 15 patients (30%) were treated by continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). The frequency of traditional factors was: hypertension (62%), hyperlipidemia (60%), diabetes (25%) and smoking (24%). Anemia was present in 86% patients. From non-traditional metabolic risk factors, 82% hyperhomocysteinemia was present in 82% of patients, microinflammation in 26%, hypoalbuminemia in 30% and secondary hyperparatireoidism in 36%. To present the study and repeat again that dialysis patients have high risk of development of cardiovascular disease and this population should be an ideal target group for primary prevention.