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16th World Cardiology Congress

Dubai, UAE

Redhouane  Boukerroucha

Redhouane Boukerroucha

Constantine University, Algeria

Title: Surgery of acute aortic dissection: Results about 62 patients

Biography

Biography: Redhouane Boukerroucha

Abstract

Objectives:
Aortic dissection is a life-threatening emergency, its incidence is not well known: 1% of sudden deaths; Currently, medical imaging diagnostics allows more accurate and more early. We report postoperative results of 62 patients operated in our center.
 

Patients and methods:
Between January 2000 and December 2015; 62 patients undergoing open heart aortic dissection interesting for the ascending aorta(62/ 5760 cardiopulmonary bypass : 1.07%); These 27 women and 35 men with an average age of 52 years (16-79 years), hypertension was observed in 38 patients.
The evolution of the symptoms varies from less than 24 hours to 4 months. NYHA I to IV; Sinus rhythm in 60/62 patients, the cardiothoracic index ranges from 0.5 to 0.78, the diagnosis was made by chest CT and echocardiography (FE varies from 25.7 to 78%, aortic insufficiency in 43 patients grade I to IV? aortic stenosis in 02 patients).
 

Results:
Forty eight patients operated in emergency; Surgery under CPB: deep hypothermia; 12; Moderate Hypothermia: 28; Normothermia: 22; circulatory arrest in deep hypothermia: 07; Femoral cannulation: 58; axillary cannulation: 04.
Practiced gesture
BENTALL Operation: 03;
Replacement of ascending aorta: 49;
Prosthetic Aortic valve replacement +  ascending and  Transverse aorta prosthetic replacement: 03;
Prosthetic Aortic valve replacement + Replacement ascending aorta and the right sinus + right coronary reimplantation: 01;
ascending aorta prosthetic replacement + Prosthetic Aortic valve replacement: 06;
Aortic clamping of 22-200 minutes; Inotropic +: 26/62 patients; Ventilation average from 6 hours to 9 days, ICU stay in 0-26 days, Average length of hospitalization of 0-39 days, ICU Complications 12/62, hospital complications 7/62; Hospital mortality: 11 deaths out of 62 operated (17.7%)
Conclusion :
 The aortic dissection is a very serious disease, the management involves multidisciplinary expertise, Early diagnosis, treatment will be medical and surgical emergency.
 Recent advances in medical imaging, surgery largely contribute to a better management of these patients.
 However, treatment is palliative because it leaves in place a more or less long aorta dissected segment.
 The risk of secondary ecstatic development of this pathological aorta mandates annual monitoring and clinical imaging.
 This monitoring allows early diagnosis of secondary complications.